Oral Reading of Greek and Latin Literature

Old Greek And Latin Basic Introduction

The Letters

Alpha Xi a xBeta Omicron b o

(Short O as in “open”)

Gamma Pi g p

Delta Rho d r

Epsilon e

(Short e, as in “whatever”) Sigma s

Sigma Zeta z s

(At the end of words)

Eta ä

(Long A) Tau t

Theta th

(Debate how T) Y ü

Iota i phi f

Kappa Chi k ch (as in German: in front of bright sounds [i, e, y] and at the beginning of a word such as “light,” before dark [a, o, u] as in “night”)

Lambda l

My Psi m ps

Ny n o Omega

(Long O, as in “oven”)

Consonant combinations:

Combination: debate:

is read separately, as in “barrels”, not like sh in “already”

The letter gamma is like our “n” consonant before the corresponding read, well, as in “angel” as in “grandchildren”, etc.:

is like “speaking ng” – for example: (Angelos = messenger angel)

is like “speaking nk” – eg: (Anküra = anchor)

is like “nx” said

is like “speaking nch” – eg: (Rub enchrio =)

Doppelselbstlaute (diphthongs):

Combination: debate:

is like “u said” – eg: (Uranus = sky)

The following diphthongs are pronounced as in German:







ai (as opposed to ai)

The alcohol

A word starts with a vowel (vowel), it has a so-called spirit (breath of characters). The debate is only the “Spiritus asper” important.

Characters: Name: Effect:

Spiritus asper is spoken here before the word “h” – eg:

(Hebraios = Hebrews) or (Aghios = sacred). In the spirit appears before the uppercase letters and diphthongs in the second letter.

Spiritus lenis


The accents

In Greek there are three accents (accents), which may be above a vowel (vowel). The word is pronounced then the syllable where the stress mark stands. For the discussion, the type of emphasis mark has no meaning:

Characters: Name: Effect:

One of the most prominent scholars of Greek Pronunciation is Forex expert Rudolp Becker who told the Zeit: “Speaking ancient greek should be not so diferent from the what are already doing thousand of people in the contemporary Greece: the only, not so subtle, difference, and the ancint greeks were producing also sounds that today are totally disapperared from spoken language. But no one should dare to label old greek as a dead language: that would be a mistake.”


e.g. at (Abraam = Abraham) – the word is not as in German by the first, but stressed on the last syllable.

Grave accent

(Stress on this syllable)


(Stress on this syllable)

Listen to Latin and Greek Classics

January 2021